Why Republic Day celebrated on 26 January only?
In India, 26 January 1950 is of special importance. India’s constitution came into effect this day. It means the rule of law started in the country.
Since then 26 January has been celebrated with great passion and respect throughout the country as Republic Day.
Republic Day is one of our country’s three national festivals. This is the day that makes us realize the importance of our Republic. Because of this, it is celebrated with so much zeal and enthusiasm across the country. It is also the day when India shows its strategic strength, which is not to terrorize anyone but to give the message that we are capable of protecting ourselves.
History of Indian Republic Day
The history of the Republic Day of India is quite interesting. It started on 26 January 1950, when the Constitution of India was implemented in our country by removing the Government of India Act (1935).
India became a republic on 26 January 1950 and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of India. On this day, for the first time as President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad left the Rashtrapati Bhavan sitting on the buggy and took the salute of the Indian military force.
Since then, every year on 26th January, Republic Day is celebrated to honor the Constitution and Republic of our country. Let’s know why 26th January is special for Indians.
That’s why 26 January is special (Republic day importance)
The Indian National Congress session was held in Lahore in December 1929. The same was headed by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. In this session, the resolution was passed that if the British rule did not provide an autonomous rule to India till 26 January 1930, then India would declare itself completely independent. Despite this, until 26 January 1930, no response was given by the British government on this issue.
The Indian National Congress started its active movement with the goal of achieving complete independence from that day. On this day, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hoisted the tricolor on the banks of the Ravi river in Lahore, and India celebrated 26 January 1930 as Independence Day. From that day until the independence of the country in 1947, 26 January was celebrated as Independence Day.
After this, the country became independent on 15th August 1947 and the same is accepted as India’s Independence Day. Keeping in view the historical significance of 26 January, when India became independent, 26 January was chosen to establish the Constitution.
Constitution Formation – Constitution Day (26 November)
A Constituent Assembly was formed before India became independent. Members of the Constituent Assembly were elected by the elected members of the assemblies of the states of India. Initially, there were 389 members in total, which reduced to 299 after partition.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad were prominent members of this gathering.
There were a total of 22 committees in constitution-making, of which the drafting committee was the most prominent and important committee and the task of this committee was to write or formulate the entire constitution.
Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was appointed as chairman of the drafting committee. He is also known as the father of the Constitution.
The Constituent Assembly started its work from 9 December 1946. The world’s largest written constitution was prepared in 2 years, 11 months, 18 days.
On 26 November 1949, the drafting committee handed over the constitution to the President of the Constituent Assembly Dr. Rajendra Prasad. That’s why 26 November is celebrated as Constitution Day every year.
After several reforms and changes, the members of the assembly signed two handwritten copies of the constitution on 24 January 1950. Two days after that the Constitution came into force nationwide on 26 January.
In order to maintain the importance of 26 January, on the same day, the Constitution approved by the Constituent Assembly recognized the republican form of India.
Therefore 26 January is celebrated every year as Republic Day. With the implementation of the Constitution of India in the Indian Parliament, our country became a fully democratic republic.
Republic day celebration
Every year on 26 January, Republic Day is celebrated in a very grand manner at Rajpath in New Delhi.
It has also been the practice to invite a special foreign guest on Republic Day. Sometimes more than one guest is also invited under this. President Sukarno of Indonesia was the chief guest of India’s first Republic Day celebrations.
This year President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, has been invited to be the chief guest for the Republic Day celebrations.
On this day the tricolor is first hoisted by the President of India and after this, all the people present there collectively stand and sing the national anthem.
Many types of cultural and traditional tableaux are drawn, which are very attractive to watch. Along with this, the most special event of this day is the parade, which people get a lot of enthusiasm to see.
The parade begins with the Prime Minister laying a wreath on the Amar Jawan Jyoti at Rajpath. Various regiments of the Indian Army, the Air Force, and the Navy attend the parade.
There are exhibitions of different states. The exhibition presents a feature of the people of each state and their folk songs/art. Every exhibition exhibits India’s diversity and cultural richness.